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Andalusia ca. 1909-1984

Former owner:
Craig, John
Biddle, Nicholas Mrs 1786-1844
Biddle, Charles J (Charles John) 1819-1873
Architect:
Latrobe, Benjamin Henry 1764-1820
Walter, Thomas Ustick 1804-1887
Physical description:
1 folder+ 5 glass lantern slides and 4 35 mm. slides
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Place:
United States of America, Pennsylvania, Bucks County, Bensalem Township, Andalusia
Pennsylvania
Andalusia
Andalusia (Andalusia, Pennsylvania)
Date:
1909
1909-1984
ca 1909-1984
Notes:
Andalusia is a National Historic Landmark. The main portion of Andalusia was built in 1794-1795 by John Craig as a summer residence for his wife and daughter. The latter became Mrs. Nicholas Biddle. In 1833, the "Big House" was built with Grecian porticoes--the porticoes being an exact copy of the Greek temple of Neptune at Paestum in Italy. The garden was famous for its grapes grown in forcing houses designed by Thomas U. Walter. The Biddle family harvested grapes from the hothouses until the 1870's. The estate also became known as an experimental farm. The first Guernsey cattle were brought to Andalusia. A 20th century feature of the grounds is the Green Walk with ornamental dwarf evergreens. According to the "List of Gardens of the Members of the Garden Club of America," 1921, Andalusia was typed as an old-fashioned walled garden with specialties being wisteria and white hawthorn trees.
Persons associated with the garden include: John Craig (former owner, 1794-1811); Mrs. Nicholas Biddle (Jane Craig) (former owner, 1814); Charles J. Biddle (former owner); Benjamin Latrobe (architect, 1800); and Thomas U. Walter (architect of Greek Revival additions and Gothic "ruin," 1811).
Summary:
The folder includes a worksheet; brief descriptions; and web pages from www.philadelphiabuildings.org.
Topic:
Gardens
Local number:
PA007000
Data Source:
Archives of American Gardens

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