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Bartram's Garden 1924-ca. 1930

Former owner:
Bartram, John
Eastwick, Andrew
Gardener:
Meehan, Thomas
Architect:
Sloan, Samuel
Physical description:
1 folder+ 2 glass lantern slides, 2 35 mm. slides, and 1 photoprint
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Place:
United States of America, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia County, Philadelphia
Pennsylvania
Philadelphia
Bartram's Garden (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Date:
1924
1930
1924-ca 1930
Notes:
The Bartram gardens were the first real botanic gardens developed in America. In 1728, John Bartram bought land at Gray's Ferry for a botanical garden. The borders are laid out in squares and rectangles, but not in a formal manner. Andrew M. Eastwick purchased the property in 1850 in order to protect the site from destruction from industrial sprawl. After Andrew Eastwick's death, the garden was neglected until Thomas Meehan, Eastwick's gardener, persuaded the City of Philadelphia to buy the site for a park in 1891. In 1893, John Bartram's descendants formed an Association to preserve the garden. Historic buildings on the property include a house, stable, sheds, barn, icehouse, seed house, and stone cider mill. A restoration project began in 1981. In 1982-1988, an adjacent industrial tract was reclaimed to function as a 15-acre meadow. Highlights of the garden include a vegetable garden, River's Edge Trail, Bartram oak, and flower gardens. The garden is open to the public.
Persons associated with the garden include: John Bartram (former owner, 1727); Bartram descendants (former owners, ?-1850); Andrew Eastwick (former owner, 1850-1891); Thomas Meehan (gardener, ca. 1850s); Samuel Sloan (architect of barn, which burned in 1896); John Bartram Association (administration, 1893-present); Fairmount Park Commission (administration); and City of Philadelphia (owner, 1891-present).
Summary:
The folder includes a worksheet; brochures; biographical sketch of John Bartram; newspaper, journal, and magazine articles; and Bartram Broadside (Winter 1994-1995).
Publications:
Garden featured in Paul W. Meyer, "The Bartram Connection."
Garden featured in Robert McC. Peck, "America's Revolutionary Plantsmen," House & Garden (September 1992) pp. 46-48
Garden featured in Rudy J. Favretti, "Restoring Bartram's Garden," The Green Scene (September 1986)
Garden featured in Marcia Bonta, "John Bartram & His Garden," American Horticuturist vol. 64 no. 12(December 1985)
Topic:
Gardens
Local number:
PA001000
Data Source:
Archives of American Gardens

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