United States of America, West Virginia, Kanawha County, Malden
Kanawha Salines (Malden, West Virginia)
"The gardens at Kanawha Salines are particularly interesting as the product of female owners Nelle Coleman Alderson Dickinson and her daughter, Mary Price Dickinson Ratrie, as well as female designers and gardeners." The gardens include an immense American Elm, planted by Mrs. Ratrie as a child and a parterre with box hedges, rosebeds, and herbaceous perennial borders."
"Salt was produced here from 1817 until 1945, and shipped by the Kanawha River and later rail as far as New Orleans and Pittsburgh. The farm fields pasture a small herd of Belted Galloway cattle and a number of 'family' horses and ponies. Mrs. Ratrie's garden center and nursery, 'Terra Salis', is located on the edge of the farm."
"The property features a glorious vista of wooded hills, another of the Kanawha River, and an all-white pond garden reached by an allée of Prunus campanulata 'Okame'. There is a viburnum collection of 16 species/varieties; a 60-foot hemerocallis and narcissus border; several beds of species roses and syringa varieties; many specimen trees, both deciduous and evergreen; and a terrace, overlooking tennis courts, sheltered by a 40-foot pergola covered with wisteria, floribunda, and clematis. The house and outbuildings, including a 'garden' building, barns, storehouses, and cottages, are part of a historic property in continuous ownership by the Dickinson family since the early 1800's."
Persons associated with the property include: William Dickinson, Sr., (former owner, 1840-1863); William Dickinson, Jr. (former owner, 1863-1865); Mr. and Mrs. John Quincy Dickinson (former owners, 1865-1896); Mr. and Mrs. Charles C. Dickinson (former owners, 1896-1958); May S. Harman (landscape designer, 1927-1929); Frances Dillon (landscape designer,1958-1969); Alice Recknagel Ireys (landscape designer, 1980 to date); and Holly Hoffman (landscape designer, 1989-1995).