Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
1 documents - page 1 of 1

John Clifford Shaw Papers, 1933-1993 (mostly 1950-1971)

view John Clifford Shaw Papers, 1933-1993 (mostly 1950-1971) digital asset number 1
Creator:
Shaw, J. Clifford (John Clifford) 1922-1991
Rand Corporation
Carnegie Institute of Technology (Carnegie Mellon Univ.)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Stanford University
Information Science Institute
Author:
Simon, Herbert A
Newell, Allen
Neumann, John vor
Feigenbaum, Edward
Baker, Chuck L
Ware, Willis
Dreyfuss, Herbert
Gruenberger, Fred J
Tonge, Fred J
Armending, G.W
Donor:
Shaw, Doug
Subject:
Association for Computing Machinery
ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency)
IBM (International Business Machines)
Digital Equipment Corporation
Massachusetts General Hospital
UCRL (University of California Radiation Lab)
Dartmouth College
Physical description:
20.5 cu. ft.: 57 boxes
Type:
Technical reports
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Memorandums
Notes
Diagrams
Place:
United States
Soviet Union
Santa Monica (Calif.)
Pittsburgh (Pa.)
Palo Alto (Calif.)
Cambridge (Mass.)
Date:
1933
1933-1993
mostly 1950-1971
1950-70
1950-1980
1950-2000
Notes:
Shaw was a pioneer in the field of computer programming languages, artificial intelligence, and the development of on-line, interactive, time-sharing computers. He worked for the RAND Corporation, 1950-1971, where he completed his most significant work. In the 1950s, he collaborated with Herbert Simon and Allen Newell on developing computer programs that attempted to simulate human decision-making.
Shaw wrote the programming language known as Information Processing Language (IPL) for the Chess program, Logic Theorist (LT), and General Problem Solver (GPS). In the early 1960s, as Newell and Simon continued their work on computer simulation of human behavior, Shaw's interests shifted toward developing an easy to use interactive, on-line computerprogram. By 1963, Shaw developed the JOHNNIAC Open-Shop System (JOSS). Throughout the 1960s, Shaw continued improving the efficiency and performance of JOSS, while working on other projects such as the RAND Tablet, systems architecture, and character recognition. Shaw left RAND in 1971 and did consulting work in the 1970s and 1980s.
Summary:
Reports, research notes, correspondence, memoranda, systems tests, coding sequences, and diagrams documenting Shaw's development of one of the earliest list processing languages (ILP) in the 1950s and an early interactive, on-line, time-sharing program, the JOHNNIAC Open-Shop System (JOSS) in the early 1960s; various technical reports from RAND 1950-1971, printed material profiling the RAND corporation and the evolution of the artifical intellgence and electronic computer industry in the 1950s and 1960s; and biographical material documenting Shaw's personal interests, friendships, family, and academic career.
Cite as:
John Clifford Shaw Papers, 1933-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Doug Shaw
Topic:
Programming languages (electronic computers)
Iph (Computer Program Language)
GPS (General Problem Solver)
Problem solving--Data processing
List processing (Electronic computers)
Job Control Language (Computer program language)
Heuristic programming
Logic programming
Logic machines
Time-sharing computer systems
Online data processing
Computational linguistics
Computer industry
Mathematical models
Computer Industry
Decision making--mathematical models
Computers--military applications
Computer programmers
Mathematicians
System analysts
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH
Additional Online Media:

Modify Your Search






or


Narrow By
  • Finding aids
  • Archival materials
  • Collection descriptions
  • Correspondence
  • Diagrams
  • Memorandums
  • Notes
  • Technical reports
  • Archival materials
  • Collection descriptions
  • Correspondence
  • Diagrams
  • Memorandums
  • Notes
  • Technical reports
  • Computational linguistics
  • Computer Industry
  • Computer industry
  • Computer programmers
  • Computers
  • Data proccessing
  • Decision making
  • GPS (General Problem Solver)
  • Heuristic programming
  • Iph (Computer Program Language)
  • Computational linguistics
  • Computer Industry
  • Computer industry
  • Computer programmers
  • Computers
  • Data proccessing
  • Decision making
  • GPS (General Problem Solver)
  • Heuristic programming
  • Iph (Computer Program Language)
  • ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency)
  • Armending, G.W
  • Association for Computing Machinery
  • Baker, Chuck L
  • Carnegie Institute of Technology (Carnegie Mellon Univ.)
  • Dartmouth College
  • Digital Equipment Corporation
  • Dreyfuss, Herbert
  • Feigenbaum, Edward
  • Gruenberger, Fred J
  • ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency)
  • Armending, G.W
  • Association for Computing Machinery
  • Baker, Chuck L
  • Carnegie Institute of Technology (Carnegie Mellon Univ.)
  • Dartmouth College
  • Digital Equipment Corporation
  • Dreyfuss, Herbert
  • Feigenbaum, Edward
  • Gruenberger, Fred J
  • Cambridge (Mass.)
  • Palo Alto (Calif.)
  • Pittsburgh (Pa.)
  • Santa Monica (Calif.)
  • Soviet Union
  • United States
  • Cambridge (Mass.)
  • Palo Alto (Calif.)
  • Pittsburgh (Pa.)
  • Santa Monica (Calif.)
  • Soviet Union
  • United States
Filter results to a specific time period.
  • 1930s
  • 1940s
  • 1950s
  • 1960s
  • 1970s
  • 1980s
  • 1990s
  • 2000s
  • Archives Center - NMAH