Gerald Lamboley Collection of Japanese-American Letters, 1942-1943
Lamboley, E. Gerald
Komata, Tomi (student)
Satow, R (student)
Satow, Susama Paul (student)
Sato, Sanji (student)
Sato, Kiyo (student)
Cox, Mary Aline 1890-1972 (teacher)
War Relocation Authority
Pinedale Assembly Camp
Poston Relocation Camp
Edward Kelley School Sacramento (Cal.)
0.012 cu. ft
1 folder: 6 letters
By Presidential Executive Order (1942), all Japanese immigrants and Americans of Japanese ancestry were required to evacuate the West Coast of the United States. Over 120,000 men, women, and children were forcefully relocated to various types of internment camps. Evacuees' lives were thoroughly investigated by the government for any signs of disloyalty to America. Early in 1943, they were asked to forswear allegiance to the emperor of Japan, swear allegiance to the United States, and volunteer for military service. Through programs established by the War Relocation Authority (WRA), internees were permited to leave the camps permanently, provided they had a job or attended a college or university and passed additional government investigations. By 1943 17,000 people had left the camps in this manner. Others left by joining the military. The last permanent camp was dismantled in 1946.
In World War II, E. Gerald Lamboley served in U.S. military intelligence, investigating young Japanese-Americans who sought to leave the internment centers. One source of information was Miss Cox. Many of her former Japanese-American students were evacuees, and throughout the war they maintained contact with her by mail. She gave Lamboley letters written to her by some of the young men he was investigating.
Kiyo Sato is the author of a book entitled "Dandelion Through the Crack: The Sato Family Quest for the American Dream," which will be republished as "Kiyo's Story: A Japanese Family's Quest for the American Dream." The memoir captures the experiences of a Japanese American family from California, which survives the Great Depression, only to live through the challenges of being imprisoned at Poston Relocation Camp during World War II.
Letters from students of Japanese-American ancestry to Miss Cox, their former teacher at the Edward Kelley School in Sacramento, California. This teacher has been identified as Mary Aline Cox by Ms. Colleen Zoller, 13 Jan. 2009.
Three letters were written from inside camps, and three were written from the outside. They describe events in camps and reactions after leaving the camps, and provide insight into the evacuees' impressions of their situation. The letters were written by Sanji Sato; R. Satow; Susuma Paul Satow; Tomi Komata; and "Kiyo" (Kiyo Sato). The camps described include Pinedale, California, and Poston, Arizona. Four letters are multiple-page holographs, and another holographic letter from Sanji Sato is in the form of a booklet, the pages tied together with a red string. Kiyo Sato's letter is a single-page typescript with a hand-written postscript at the bottom.
Gerald Lamboley Collection of Japanese-American Letters, 1942-1943, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945