K. K. Nygaard (1903-1989), a native of Norway, received an M.D. from Royal Frederiks University, Oslo in 1929, emigrated to the U.S., and spent 5 years in residency at the Mayo Clinic in surgery and research on blood. In World War II at White Plains (N.Y.) Hospital he organized low-cost care for sick and wounded Norwegian seamen, operating on 4,000 of them. He continued as a surgeon at White Plains until his retirement in 1979. Dr. Nygaard authored HEMORRHAGIC DISEASES: PHOTOELECTRIC STUDY OF BLOOD COAGULABILITY (1941) and more than 50 professional papers on his research. He invented and patented the first machine using photoelectric principles in blood analysis. He also was active as a sculptor throughout his life, exhibiting and selling his work and publishing KNIFE, LIFE AND BRONZES (1986).
Drafts of chapters and sections (some hand-written) of Nygaard's book, HEMORRHAGIC DISEASES, in addition to a 22-page typed draft of a chapter (book title and date unknown) on photoelectric principles applied to medical problems. A large number of file cards contain Nygaard's handwritten notes on patients and his research.
K. K. Nygaard Papers, 1921-1986, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Gail Delgado Nygard