The United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries was established in 1871 as the result of a dispute between commercial fishermen in New England over methods of catching fish. Spencer Fullerton Baird, Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, was appointed its first head and initiated scientific research in marine biology. In 1903 the independent Commission became part of the Department of Commerce and Labor, and in 1939, the Department of Interior.
Illustrations of fish, fishermen, fishing gear, nets, traps, seines, fishing vessels and fish processing equipment. Includes drawings, photoengravings, photographs, cyanotypes, and blueprints(?); also a bound, handwritten journal of the Commission (1871-1892).
United States Fish Commission Records, 1871-1892, Archives Center, National Museum of American History