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James A. E. Halkett and Sigmund A. Wesolowski, M.D., Papers, 1948-1951

view James A. E. Halkett and Sigmund A. Wesolowski, M.D., Papers, 1948-1951 digital asset number 1
Donor:
Halkett, James A. E (physicist)
Wesolowski, Sigmund A
Collector:
Medical Sciences, Division of, NMAH, SI
Subject:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Physical description:
0.15 cubic feet
1 box
Type:
Diaries
Collection descriptions
Masters theses
Laboratory protocols
Manuscripts
Theses
Date:
1948
1948-1951
20th century
Notes:
James A. E. Halkett and Sigmund A. Wesolowski, M.D. (now named Adam Wesolow) experimented on an early mechanical heart. In 1948, James Halkett and William Sewell succesfully bypassed the left side of a cat's heart. Modifications in the pump and surgical procedures allowed Dr. Sigmund A. Wesolowski and others to achieve long-term survival of animals after bypass surgery. Halkett and Wesolowski went on to other projects. Although Wesolowski published articles on this work, neither went on to develop this technology for trials with human subjects.
Summary:
Halkett and Wesolow(ski) materials show the process of technological innovation through laboratory protocols. They also demonstrate the various alternatives explored in the search for effective artificial circulation by using materials which would not damage or clot blood and that could be sterilized. The evolution of the pumping mechanism and power source, the design and materials of the pump itself, and a series of catheters (cannulae) or varying shapes and materials are described as a workable solution is found. Secondly, diversity of techniques developed to solve the problems of artificial circulation and their contributions to that work are documented.
Cite as:
James A. E. Halkett and Sigmund A. Wesolowski Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Topic:
Medical sciences
Surgeons
Medical Equipment
Heart, Artificial
Heart pump
Heart--Surgery
Biophysics
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

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  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
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