Joseph Schillinger Phonograph Record Collection, 1940-1941
Schillinger, Joseph 1895-1943
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)
Gershwin, George 1898-1937
Cowell, Henry 1897-1965
0.3 cu. ft
78 rpm records
Joseph Schillinger, composer and musical theorist, worked extensively with the Rhythmicon. The Rhythmicon, constructed in 1931, is the earliest electronic rhythm machine. Schillinger was born on August 31, 1895, in Khar'kov, Ukraine. After beginning a successful musical career in the Soviet Union, he emigrated to the United States in 1928 and settled in New York City. He taught at New York University, the Teachers College of Columbia University and the New School for Social Research. A trained mathematician, Schillinger developed his own system of composition based on mathematics. George Gershwin, one of his students, used Schillinger's techniques in the opera "Porgy and Bess."
Nine transcription recordings of the Rhythmicon on 78 rpm phonographic records made by Joseph Schillinger, 1940-1941; two 1/4" X 1200' master reel-to-reel tapes of disc recordings created by Radio Smithsonian, fall 1985; and one research cassette tape of disc recordings created by Radio Smithsonian, fall 1985.
Joseph Schillinger Phonograph Record Collection, 1940-1941, Archives Center, National Museum of American History