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John W. Garrett Collection, 1850-1880

Collector:
Garrett, John W (John Work) 1820-1884
Transportation, Division of, NMAH, SI
Donor:
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company
Physical description:
0.6 cubic feet: 2 boxes
Type:
Business records
Collection descriptions
Place:
United States
Baltimore (Md.)
Ohio River
Date:
1850
1850-1880
Civil War, 1861-1865
19th century
Notes:
This collection has been combined with Collection no. 1086, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Collection.
Garrett, president of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, 1858-1884, was born in Baltimore, Maryland July 31, 1820. After working for his father's financially successful commission business, during which time he invested heavily in the B. & O. Railroad, he was elected a director in 1855 and president in 1858. Under his leadership the railroad made history during the Civil War by carrying out the first military rail transport. During peacetime the railroad prospered with Garrett as president. He died September 26, 1884.
Summary:
Includes lists of rail accidents, production and distribution of locomotives, and engine repair costs; reports on locomotive power, cost and performance, and purchases of locomotives and cars; and correspondence relating to these and other matters, all 1850-1880. Most correspondence is to Garrett from railroad supervisory staff. Includes a history of the operation of the railroad during the Civil War and additional correspondence concerning Ohio River bridges, trestles, and tunnels.
Cite as:
John W. Garrett Collection, 1850-1880, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company
Topic:
Civil war
Repairing
Railroads
Railroads--Buildings and structures
History
Local number:
1997.3124 (NMAH Acc.)
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

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