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Carlos de Wendler-Funaro Gypsy Research Collection, ca. 1920-1975

view Carlos de Wendler-Funaro Gypsy Research Collection, ca. 1920-1975 digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Wendler-Funaro, Carlos de (language teacher also known as Carl Funaro) 1898-1985
Alland, Alexander Sr (Alexander Landschaft) 1902-1989
Author:
Kaslov, Steve King of the Red Bandanna Romany Gypsies ca. 1888-1949
Salo, Sheila
Collector:
Community Life, Div. of, NMAH, SI
Subject:
Kaslov, Steve King of the Red Bandanna Romany Gypsies ca. 1888-1949
Kaslov, Pupa
Jura, Chaiko Gypsy leader
Physical description:
Photonegatives: silver gelatin on film
Photoprints: silver gelatin on paper
4.3 cu. ft.: 9 document boxes, 4 flat boxes, 3 flat oversize boxes
Culture:
Rom
Romnichels
Ludar
Black Dutch
Romanies
Machwaya
Type:
Manuscripts
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Journals
Dissertations
Place:
United States
Maspeth (N.Y.):
New York (N.Y.)
Maspeth (Queens, Long Island, N.Y.)
New Jersey
West Virginia
Date:
1920
1975
ca 1920-1975
1920-1980
1930-1950
1920-1970
20th century
1900-1950
Notes:
Funaro was born in Brooklyn, N.Y.; undergraduate degree in biology (entomology), Cornell University, 1923; later taught foreign languages, mainly in high schools. Doctorate, Columbia University, 1958; dissertation on "The Gitano in Spanish Literature." De Wendler-Funaro was an avid amateur collector of insects, shells, minerals, stamps and coins. His interest in Gypsies focused on collection of language specimens, and photography. Apparently served as amanuensis to Steve Kaslov, a Rom Gypsy leader.
Summary:
Print and manuscript materials, photoprints and negatives, either created by de Wendler-Funaro or collected by him. Manuscripts include de Wendler-Funaro's dissertation, drafts of projected books, drafts of projected book dictated by Steve Kaslov. Print materials include those used by de Wendler-Funaro in his dissertation research, and newspaper articles, 1912-1974. Photographs include those taken by de Wendler-Funaro of Gypsies in the United States and Europe, 1922-1966, primarily 1937-1942. Photographs collected from Rom Gypsy families and commercial photographs, mainly of Gypsies in Europe, are also included.
An important aspect of the photographer's work and of the value of this collection is the emphasis on the ethnic diversity of Gypsy groups, countering the inaccurate notion that all Gypsies or all American Gypsies are a homogeneous group--the Rom or Roma. The collection demonstrates ethnic and cultural distinctions among the various Gypsies represented, such as the Rom, Ludar, Romnichels, etc.
Publications:
See review of the film, "American Gypsy: A Stranger in Everybody's Land," by Matt T. Salo in American Anthropologist, Vol. 102, No. 2, June 2000, pp. 353-354
Smithsonian educational web site, part of "Migrations in History," at http://www.smithsonianeducation.org/migrations/gyp/cdwf.html
Cite as:
Carlos de Wendler-Funaro Gypsy Research Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Topic:
Collectors and collecting
Gypsies
Costume--Gypsies
Portraits--Gypsies
Housing--tents
Labor and laboring classes
Housing--wagons
Bears--performing
Orthodox Eastern Church
Tents
Wagons, Gypsy
Weddings--Gypsies
Funeral rites and ceremonies--Gypsies
Training--Animals
Fortune-telling
Horse-trading
Furniture-making
Musicians
Coppersmiths
Local number:
1986.3054 (NMAH Acc.)
Data Source:
Archives Center - NMAH

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