Chevalier Jackson, M.D., an American pioneer in the field of endoscopy, was a major figure in Philadelphia medicine. He once held faculty appointments at five medical schools in that city. His experience in treating children who had ingested lye or other caustic materials led to an unremitting campaign to have bottles containing such materials labelled "poison," which eventually led to passage of the Federal Caustic Substances Act in 1927. He also gained renown for surgically removing objects inhaled or swallowed by patients and was active in the effort to educate people to prevent such accidents. He developed and adapted surgical instruments used in endoscopy and wrote a number of text books.
Autobiographical and biographical notes, some correspondence, personal mementoes, dried flowers, snapshots, notes for publications, photographs, notes from lectures attended, articles, reprints, reports by Dr. Jackson and a few by other authors, proofs and illustrations for textbooks and other publications, patient case histories, several notebooks with Dr. Jackson's written in by Dr. Jackson, and four books, one of which is by Dr. Jackson.
Chevalier Jackson Papers, 1883-1960, Archives Center, National Museum of American History