"A. Kauffmann. Copy by Stadler, on porcelain. Vestal virgin. 12 x 14. The vestal virgins, originally four, but subsequently six in number, were dedicated to the service of the goddess of vesta, the tutelary divinity of the whole latin people. Their term of service was thirty years. They were chosen for this service between the ages of six and ten years. During their term they were bound to chastity, violation of which was punished by their being interred alive in an underground vault near the colline gate, at Rome. Their chief duty was to keep the fire perpetually burning on the altar of vesta. Hence they are usually painted with a lighted lamp as their 'attribute.'"
A Catalogue of Paintings in the Gallery of D.W. Powers, Rochester, N.Y. with Explanations and Sketches of Painters by C.C. Merriman. Rochester, N.Y.: E.R. Andrews, Book and Job Printer, Aqueduct Street, 1877.