"Born at Amsterdam, 1824. Studied at Amsterdam under Kruseman, and at Paris under Picot. Medals - Paris, 1867 and 1878. knight of the Order of Leopold and of the Legion of Honor." [P. XL.]
Illustrated Catalogue of the Art Gallery of the Southern Exposition, Louisville, Ky. August 28 - October 23, 1886 Prepared by Charles M. Kurtz, Editor of National Academy Notes, Director of the Art Department. Published for the Art Committee by John P. Morton and Company, 440-446 West Main Street, Louisville, Ky.