"Born in Warsaw, Poland, 1851. For four years was a pupil of Franz Adam, in Munich. First exhibited at the Vienna Kunstlerhaus. Member of the Munich Artists' Association." [P. XXIV.]
Illustrated Catalogue of the Art Gallery of the Southern Exposition, Louisville, Ky. August 28 - October 23, 1886 Prepared by Charles M. Kurtz, Editor of National Academy Notes, Director of the Art Department. Published for the Art Committee by John P. Morton and Company, 440-446 West Main Street, Louisville, Ky.
Artist address: 58 West Fifty-Seventh St., New York, New York.
Artist professional affiliation: Munich Artists' Association.