"Born in Painesville, Ohio. Studied from nature. Began his career as a portrait painter, settling in Buffalo, N.Y., in 1850. In 1857 went to Europe, where he studied and painted in Dusseldorf, Rome, and Switzerland. Came to New York, 1860. elected N.A., 1862." [P. XXXII.]
Illustrated Catalogue of the Art Gallery of the Southern Exposition, Louisville, Ky. August 28 - October 23, 1886 Prepared by Charles M. Kurtz, Editor of National Academy Notes, Director of the Art Department. Published for the Art Committee by John P. Morton and Company, 440-446 West Main Street, Louisville, Ky.
Artist address: 51 West Tenth St., New York, New York.
Artist professional affiliation: National Academician.