"Born in Mobile, Ala., 1842. Was a pupil of James M. Hart, N.A. New York. First exhibited, 1860, in the National Academy, New York. Visited Jamaica with F.E. Church, N.A., in 1865, Immediately following which he went to Europe for three years, studying in Paris during the winters, and making sketching tours through France, Switzerland, and elsewhere in the summer seasons. Elected National Academician, 1879. Member of the American Water Color Society." [P. XLVII.]
Illustrated Catalogue of the Art Gallery of the Southern Exposition, Louisville, Ky. August 28 - October 23, 1886 Prepared by Charles M. Kurtz, Editor of National Academy Notes, Director of the Art Department. Published for the Art Committee by John P. Morton and Company, 440-446 West Main Street, Louisville, Ky.
Artist address: New York, New York.
Artist professional affiliation: National Academician; American Water Color Society (New York).