"Born in Springfield, Ohio, 1820. First studied art in Cincinnati, O. Studied in Paris, 1849, and afterward in Dusseldorf, under Andreas Achenbach and Lessing. Spent some time in Belgium under Robbe, and for five years lived in Rome. first exhibited, 1845, at the National Academy, New York. elected A.N.A., 1859; N.A., 1860. President of the National Academy, 1875-'76." [P. li)
Illustrated Catalogue of the Art Gallery of the Southern Exposition, Louisville, Ky. August 28 - October 23, 1886 Prepared by Charles M. Kurtz, Editor of National Academy Notes, Director of the Art Department. Published for the Art Committee by John P. Morton and Company, 440-446 West Main Street, Louisville, Ky.
Artist address: 51 West Tenth St., New York, New York.
Artist professional affiliation: National Academician.