"Born at Frankfort-on-the-Main, 1828. Belonging to a distinguished family, this artist enjoyed every advantage of travel and instruction. In 1855 he followed the regiment commanded by Prince Taxis, making many spirited studies. Medals - Paris, 1864, 1865, 1867, (Exposition Universelle); Brussels Exposition, 1863, and Vienna Exposition, 1873. Cross of the Order of Leopold, 1864. In 1862 he was made painter to the court of the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Member of the academies of Antwerp and Rotterdam, and honorary member of the Deutsches Nochstift." [P. XLVIII.]
Illustrated Catalogue of the Art Gallery of the Southern Exposition, Louisville, Ky. August 28 - October 23, 1886 Prepared by Charles M. Kurtz, Editor of National Academy Notes, Director of the Art Department. Published for the Art Committee by John P. Morton and Company, 440-446 West Main Street, Louisville, Ky.