"See no. 110. Cardinal Richelieu (b. 1585; d. 1642.], whom Voltaire and history justly consider the true architect of the French monarchy and the great parent of French civiliz- ation, was minister of state in France in the reign of Louis XIII. A conspiracy which was formed against the king and cardinal is made the subject of a drama by Bulwer, Lord Lytton, in the course of which, Julie de Mortemar, the ward of the cardinal, becomes an object of admiration of the king, who seeks to have her married to his favorite, the Count Barradas, in order that he may pay attention to her without creating a scandal in the eyes of the queen and court. Richelieu, learning of this, and discovering that Julie loves the young Chevalier de Mauprat, who loves her in return, hastily sends for de Mauprat, and finding him a young man to his pleasing, has the pair married at once. When the king hears of this, he is greatly enraged, and under a Royal law promulgates an order proclaiming the marriage contrary to law, inasmuch as de Mauprat had, at an earlier time, been judged guilty of high treason, in having seized one of the Royal towns while following the Duc d'Orleans in the Languedoc revolt. " Soon afterward the king sends for Julie, and when she attends at the Louvre, reproaches her for the marriage, proclaims the bond unlawful and commands her not to leave her quarters in the palace. Late in the night he goes to her apartment. Julie repulses him and then flies from the palace to Richelieu. She tells him all that has happened: " 'there at night - alone - this night - all still -/ he sought my presence - dared - thou read'st the heart,/ read mine. - I can not speak it.' Richelieu. you - woman; well - you yielded.' Julie. Dare you say "yielded."/ humbled and abashed/ he from the chamber crept - this mighty Louis;/ crept like a baffled felon. - yielded. Ah./ More Royalty in woman's honest heart/ than dwells within the crowned majesty/ and sceptered anger of a hundred kings./ Yielded. - Heavens. - yielded.' Richelieu. 'To my breast - close -close./ The world would never need a Richelieu, if/ men, bearded, mailed men - the lords of the earth -/ resisted flattery, falsehood, avarice, pride,/ as this poor child with the dove's innocent scorn/ her sex's tempters, vanity and power./ He left you. - Well.' " The picture is an admirable portrayal of the interview between the cardinal and Julie. The face of Richelieu is readily recognizable by one familiar with the numerous portraits of the cardinal to be seen in Paris. Richelieu is seated in a high Gothic chair in a splendid apartment hung with rich tapestries. Through the entrance, the rosy glow of the early morning light comes through the arches and touches the side of slender gothic columns. Julie kneels beside the cardinal, her right hand upon his shoulder, while his left hand rests upon her head. At the right of Richelieu is a table upon which is an open book, a skull, and a crucifix. A pale, gray, reflected light comes through a window - not shown in the picture - and illumines the interior. the cardinal is attired in a dark garb bordered and banded with crimson; Julie wears a costume of blue and yellow satin and yellow satin richly embroidered with gold." [P. 57-58; under illustration is note: "from National Academy Notes, 1884." see serial 03860110 for commentary on artist.]
Illustrated Catalogue of Works of Art in the Art Building of the Southern Exposition at Louisville, Ky. August 16 - October 25, 1884. Prepared by Charles M. Kurtz, Director of the Art Department. Editor of National Academy Notes and the Art Union Magazine. Published for the Art Committee by John P. Morton and Company.