"b. Ireland. Brought to America at an early age, and learned photography in Chicago. Had a gallery there and was burned out at the great fire. Then went to Europe and studied under Pioloty." [P. 6.]
Illustrated Catalogue of Works of Art in the Art Building of the Southern Exposition at Louisville, Ky. August 16 - October 25, 1884. Prepared by Charles M. Kurtz, Director of the Art Department. Editor of National Academy Notes and the Art Union Magazine. Published for the Art Committee by John P. Morton and Company.