"b. Hesse Cassel, 1815. Pupil of Schirmer at Duesseldorf Academy, 1827. Member of the Berlin, Amsterdam and Antwerp academies; Knight of the Order of Leopold and Chevalier of the Legion of Honor." [P. 21.]
Catalogue of Works of Art in the Art Building of the Southern Exposition at Louisville, Ky. Prepared by Charles M. Kurtz. Published for the Art Committee by John P. Morton and Company, 1883.