"b. Stronach, 1835. Studied sculpture under prof. stoltz, and painting in the bavarian Royal Academy and in Paris. Afterward entered the studio of Pioloty in Munich. " Truth to nature, admirable color, texture, and character, all seem to be in equal proportions to Defregger's painting. - S.G.W. Benjamin, Contemporary Art in Europe." [P. 19.]
Catalogue of Works of Art in the Art Building of the Southern Exposition at Louisville, Ky. Prepared by Charles M. Kurtz. Published for the Art Committee by John P. Morton and Company, 1883.