"b. in Germany, 1823. Studied in Frankfort. In 1848 came to the United States and settled in Philadelphia. Returned to Europe in 1858, and was appointed court painter at Darmstadt. lately he has resided in Munich." [P. 8.]
Catalogue of Works of Art in the Art Building of the Southern Exposition at Louisville, Ky. Prepared by Charles M. Kurtz. Published for the Art Committee by John P. Morton and Company, 1883.