(Painted 1848.) This chief is one of the Tlickitack Tribe, and the principal chief of all the Indians inabiting the Columbia River, from Astoria to the Cascades. In the plenitude of his power he travelled in great state, and was often accompanied by a hundred slaves, obedient to his slightest caprice. The bands over whom he presided paid him tribute on all the furs and fish taken, as also upon the increase of their stock, to support him in their affluence. He was the petted chief of the Hudson's Bay Company, and through him they are undoubtedly much indebted for the quiet ascendancy they always maintained over these tribes. It is said that on visiting Fort Vancouver, his slaves often carpeted the road, from the landing to the fort, with beaver and other furs, a distance of a quarter of a mile; and that on his return, the officers of the Hudson Bay company would take the furs, and carpet the same distance with blankets and other Indian goods, as his recompense. He is now an old man, having outlived his prosperity and posterity, to see a once numerous people reduced to a few scattered lodges, which must soon disappear before the rapidly growing settlements of the adventurous pioneers. [P. 63.]
Portraits of North American Indians, with Sketches of Scenery, etc., painted by J.M. Stanley. Deposited with the Smithsonian Institution. Washington: Smithsonian Institution. December, 1852.