(Painted June, 1843.). . . . "Menawa, who is called the Great Warrior, was commissioned by the chiefs to raise a party to march to the Indian Springs and execute the judgment of their law upon McIntosh on his own hearthstone. With the usual promptitude of the Indians in the prosecution of bloody business, Menawa was soon at the head of one hundred of his Oakfuskee braves, and, after a rapid march, arrived before the house of the fated McIntosh before day, on the morning of the first of May, just seventy-seven days after the signing of the treaty. The house having been surrounded, Menawa spoke: 'Let the white people who are in the house come out, and also the women and children. We do not come to injure them. McIntosh has broken the law made by himself, and we are come to take his life.'" This summons was obeyed by all to whom it was addressed. Chilly, who, having signed the treaty, was in the list of meditated victims, was enabled by his white complexion to pass out with the whites, and escaped. Out of this occurrence arose two parties among Creek Indians. One was composed of the bulk of the nation--the other of the followers of McIntosh, headed by Chilly. . . . [Pp. 13-14; see entry 02200013 for additional commentary accompanying this entry.]
Portraits of North American Indians, with Sketches of Scenery, etc., painted by J.M. Stanley. Deposited with the Smithsonian Institution. Washington: Smithsonian Institution. December, 1852.