All Tribes of Wild Indians, scalp their captives, save the women and children, who are treated as slaves, until ransomed by the United States Government. On returning from the scene of strife, they celebrate their victories by a scalp dance. The Chiefs and Warriors, after having painted themselves, each after his own fancy, to give himself the most hideous appearance, encircle their captives, who are all placed together. Thus stationed, at a tap on their drums, they commence throwing themselves into attitudes, such as each one's imagination suggests as the most savage, accompanied by yells for the purpose of striking terror into the hearts of their captives. This picture represents the scalp dance of the Osages, around a woman and her child; and a warrior in the act of striking her with his club; his chief springing forward and arresting the blow with his spear. [P. 34.]
Catalogue of Pictures, in Stanley and Dickerman's North American Indian Portrait Gallery; J.M. Stanley, Artist. Cincinnati: Printed at the "Daily Enquirer Office." 1846.