(Tempestata) "Berghem fait in Italie," on the back. [P. 11 (L).] Nicolas Berghem was born at Haarlem, 1624; died at Amsterdam 1683. Waagen calls him the most celebrated of a group of painters "who either had visited Italy, or conceived a preference for its scenery, and took delight in representing cattle and shepherds in combination with Italian buildings and ruins." (German, Flemish and Dutch Schools, Vol. 2, 412, 414.) [P. 11 (S).]
Catalogue of the Bowdoin Collection of Paintings, Bowdoin College. Brunswick: Joseph Griffin. 1870.