Was born in Philadelphia, in 1744. His ancestors were Quakers. He entered public life in 1772, as representative of Philadelphia in the Colonial Assembly, and was a member of the first Continental Congress; was with Washington at Cambridge, and in the spring of 1776 was commissioned a Brigadier in the Continental army; was made Major-General in 1777. In 1783 he was a member of Congress, and was that year elected its President. He was a member of the Pennsylvania Legislature in 1785; and in 1787 was a member of the Convention which framed the Federal Constitution. He was the first, and for nine consecutive years, Governor of the State of Pennsylvania. He retired from office in December, 1799, and died on the 20th January, at Lancaster, aged 56 years. [P. 22.]
Catalogue of the National Portraits in Independence Hall: comprising many of those of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence and other distinguished persons connected with the early history of the efforts which resulted in the glorious Liberty we now enjoy. Philadelphia. 1856.