Was born at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, November 25th, 1758. He joined the army as a volunteer in Potter's (Pennsylvania) regiment in 1775. He served as aid to General Mercer and afterwards to General Gates. He was Secretary of the State of Pennsylvania, and adjutant-general under Dickenson and Franklin's administration. In 1787, he was chosen a member of the Old Congress. In 1789, he removed to the State of New York. In 1800 he was elected a United States senator, and in 1804 he was appointed by Mr. Jefferson, minister to France, where he remained for more than six years. In 1812 he was appointed Brigadier-General; and in 1813, he was called by Mr. Madison to the War Department. He died at his residence at Red Hook, New York, on the 1st April, 1848, in his 90th year. [Pp. 17-18.]
Catalogue of the National Portraits in Independence Hall: comprising many of those of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence and other distinguished persons connected with the early history of the efforts which resulted in the glorious Liberty we now enjoy. Philadelphia. 1856.