Was a native of Alsace, (a German province ceded to France.) He came to America in the spring of 1777, with Lafayette and other foreign officers, holding the office of brigadier in the French service. Congress commissioned him a Major-General on the 15th Setpember, 1777, and he immediately joined the army under Washington. He was afterwards in command at Elizabethtown and Amboy in New Jersey, and while in Morristown in 1780, was at the head of the Maryland division. In the battle near Camden, while trying to rally the scattered Amercians, in August, 1780, he fell pierced with eleven wounds. He died at Camden three days afterwards, and was buried there. The citizens of Camden have erected a marble monument to his memory, the corner stone of which was laid by Lafayette in 1825. [P. 17.]
Catalogue of the National Portraits in Independence Hall: comprising many of those of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence and other distinguished persons connected with the early history of the efforts which resulted in the glorious Liberty we now enjoy. Philadelphia. 1856.