Was born in Edinburg [sic], in Scotland in 1734, and emigrated to America in 1755. He served in Canada in 1759, and as Lieutenant in 1760 under General Wolff. In January, 1776, he was appointed a Colonel in the Continental Army, and was ordered to raise a regiment for service in Canada, which he did within six weeks of his appointment. He was appointed a Brigadier in August, 1776, and was an active participant in the battles of Trenton and Princeton. In 1777, June 5, he had the command of Ticonderoga. After peace was declared, he resided in Pennsylvania, was elected to Congress in 1786, and was President of the body in 1787. In 1788, he was appointed Governor of the North-West Territory, which office he held until 1802, when Ohio was admitted as a State into the Union. He died at Laurel Hill, near Philadelphia, August 31, 1818, aged 84 years, and almost penniless. [P. 15.]
Catalogue of the National Portraits in Independence Hall: comprising many of those of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence and other distinguished persons connected with the early history of the efforts which resulted in the glorious Liberty we now enjoy. Philadelphia. 1856.