Was a Prussian officer, Aid-de-camp to Frederick the Great, and Lieutenant General in the army of that distinguished commander. He arrived in New Hampshire from Marsailles [sic], in November, 1777, and immediately offered his services to the Continental Congress. In 1778 he was appointed Inspector-General with the rank of Major-General, and effected important changes in all ranks of the army. He was in the action at Monmouth, commanded in the trenches of Yorktown on the day which concluded the struggle with Great Britain. After the war, he retired to a farm in the vicinity of New York. The State of New York afterwards gave him a tract of 16,000 acres of land in the County of Oneida, and the general government made him a grant of two thousand five hundred dollars per annum. He died at Steubenville, New York, in 1795, aged 61; and at his own request was wrapped in his cloak, placed in a plain coffin, and hid in the earth, without a stone to tell where he was laid. [PP. 14-15.]
Catalogue of the National Portraits in Independence Hall: comprising many of those of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence and other distinguished persons connected with the early history of the efforts which resulted in the glorious Liberty we now enjoy. Philadelphia. 1856.