One of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, was born at Shadwell, Albemarle County, Virginia, on the 2d April, 1743. He was elected a member of the Virginia Legislature in 1769. On the 12th March, 1773, was appointed a member of the first committee of correspondence established by the Colonial Legislatures, and on the 27th March, 1775, elected to represent Virginia in the General Congress of the Confederated Colonies assembled at Philadelphia. He was chairman of the committee that drew up the declaration, setting forth the causes and necessity of resorting to arms. . . . On the 1st June, 1779, he was elected Governor of Virginia. On the 6th June, 1783, he was again elected a delegate to Congress. On the 10th March, 1785, he was appointed Minister Plenipotentiary at the Court of Versailles. October, 1789, he returned home, and accepted the responsible position of Secretary of State. December 31, 1793, he resigned, and retired once more to private life. In 1797, he was elected Vice-President of the United States. At the end of four years, he was a candidate, and was by the House of Representatives elected President; and on the 4th March, 1801, took the oath of office. He was subsequently re-elected. He died at Monticello, July 4, 1826, aged 84 years. [P. 6.]
Catalogue of the National Portraits in Independence Hall: comprising many of those of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence and other distinguished persons connected with the early history of the efforts which resulted in the glorious Liberty we now enjoy. Philadelphia. 1856.