Superintendant of the finances of the United States, was a native of Manchester in England, and after his establishment in this country became a very eminent merchant in Philadelphia. His enterprise and credit have seldom been equalled. In 1776 he was a member of congress from Pennsylvania, and his name is affixed to the Declaration of Independence. In the beginning of 1781, he was entrusted with the management of the finances, and the services, which in this station he rendered to his country, were of incalculable value, being assisted by his brother, Gouverneur Morris. He pledged himself personally and extensively for articles of the most absolute necessity to the army. It was owing in a great degree to him, that the decisive operations for the campaign of 1781 were not impeded, or completely defeated for want of supplies. He proposed the plan of a national bank. The army depended principally upon Pennsylvania for flour, and he himself raised the whole supplies of this state on the engagement of being reimbursed by the taxes which had been imposed by law. In 1782 he had to struggle with the greatest difficulties, for with the most judicious and rigid economy, the public resources failed, and against him were the complaints of dissatisfied claimants directed; he resigned his office after holding it about three years. He died in Philadelphia May 8, 1806. [P. 24.]
Historical Catalogue of the Paintings in the Philadelphia Museum consisting chiefly of Portraits of Revolutionary Patriots and other distinguished characters. 1813.