A French nobleman of high rank, who, animated with the most disinterested and generous ardour, espoused the American cause, left his native country at the age of 19, and offered his services to Congress. His zeal to serve a distressed country, was not abated by her misfortunes. Having embarked in a vessel, which he purchased for the purpose, he arrived in Charleston early in 1777, and soon after joined the American force. Congress elected him Major general in the army. This gallant nobleman, received a wound in his leg at the battle of Brandywine; he nevertheless continued in the field, and exerted himself both by word and example, in rallying the Americans. He embarked for France in 1779; came to the American headquarters with news of the arrival of the French fleet and troops in 1780; evacuated Richmond, in Virginia, and retreated before Lord Cornwallis in 1781; after several skirmishes, obliged Lord Cornwallis to retire to his shipping in the same year--announced, by letters to Congress a general peace in 1783; appointed to command the National Guards at Paris in 1789; displeased with the deposition of Lewis, he left the French service in 1792; was taken at Liege (a neutral country) and contrary to the laws of Nations made prisoner of war, and confined in the prison of Magdebourg; from whence he escaped in 1794, but was retaken. [P. 17.]
Historical Catalogue of the Paintings in the Philadelphia Museum consisting chiefly of Portraits of Revolutionary Patriots and other distinguished characters. 1813.