Succeeded Hancock as President of Congress in 1778, while in this office, Britain had attempted to purchase his services, but the offer was rejected with contempt. He was appointed to negotiate a treaty with the Dutch in 1779, taken on his way to Holland by the Vestal Frigate, 1780, and committed to the Tower of London on a charge of high treason, where he was confined for nearly a year; which, in the sequel, proved a fortunate circumstance, as the papers found on him shewed that the Dutch were disposed to lend assistance to the Americans. He had been in England some years antecedent to the hostile determination of Parliament against the colonies, but finding the dispute growing serious, he conceived that honor and duty called him to take part with his native country. He had been warmly solicited to stay in England, and offers were made him not only to secure, but to double, his American estate, in case he continued to reside there--but these were refused. Immediately on his arrival in Charleston, he was elected member and soon after President, of the Provincial Congress--President of the Council of Safety. Vice President of the State. And afterwards again member of Congress. Died 1792. [P. 7.]
Historical Catalogue of the Paintings in the Philadelphia Museum consisting chiefly of Portraits of Revolutionary Patriots and other distinguished characters. 1813.