The "Arcadian" or "Pastoral State" OR "PASTORAL STATE", (painting)
Appears in exhibition catalog as entry no. 15
"A series of five pictures, illustrating a nation's rise, progress, greatness, decline and fall, and the consequent changes in the same landscape. Note. The isolated rock crowning a preciptious hill in the distance, identifies the scene in each of the series, but the observer's position varies in several pictures. 'First freedom and then glory, when that fails,/ wealth, vice, corruption.' ages have passed, a change has been wrought in the scene - man has subjugated 'the untracked and rude.' We now see the shepherd and his flocks, the ploughman upturning the soil and the wafting sail -- by the shore of a village, and on the hill ascending smoke of a sacrifice. In this picture, we have agriculture, commerce and religion. In the aged man describing the mathematical figure, -- the rude attempt of the boy in drawing, -- in the female figure with the distaff, -- the vessel on the stocks, -- in the primitive temple and the dance of the peasants to the music of the pipe, we have evidence of the advance made in science, in the useful and the fine arts. "____It is early summer, and the sun has ascended midway to the meridian." [P. 8 - 9.]
Catalogue of the Exhibition of the New-York Gallery of the Fine Arts. Founded 1844. Now open in the large Saloon of the National Academy of Design, corner of Broadway and Leonard-Street. New York: James Van Norden & Co, Printers, No. 60 William-Street. 1844.