National Museum of African Art Collection consists of Frederick Douglass portraits which previously belonged to National Museum of African Art's collection of Frederick Douglass materials. The Frederick Douglass portraits were created by various artists in a variety of media. National Museum of African Art Collection also contains drawings, mixed media, paintings, and prints of abstract art, Africa, animals, Charleston (S.C.), human figures, the immigrant experience, landscapes, and people. All artwork was transferred from the National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Related archival collection: Collection of Frederick Douglass' Monthly's, booklets, and other materials, which dates from circa 1859-1894, contains materials relating to abolitionist Frederick Douglass. Includes several of his speeches reproduced in booklets and pamphlets, a visiting card, a portrait bearing his autograph, and 26 issues of Douglass' Monthly, which was a supplement to his abolitionist newspaper Frederick Douglass's Paper. ontact the Archivist for more information.
Charles Alston was born on November 28, 1907 in Charlotte, North Carolina. He has received national and international recognition as an accomplished artist and educator. Today his work can be found in private collections and museums throughout the world.
Benny Andrews originally hailed from Morgan County, Georgia. He relocated to New York City in 1958. His early experiences growing up in rural Georgia influenced his work. Through his art, Andrews explored life and drew upon his imagination to capture images of his past.
Ralph Arnold was born in Chicago, Illinois on December 5, 1928. He produced art which was dynamic in nature crossing over various genres to create his own distinct artistic expression.
Romare Bearden (1911-1988), considered one of America's greatest artists, was a draftsman, painter, watercolorist, and most preeminently, a collagist. He received many honors during his life, and was awarded the National Medal of Arts in 1987 from President Reagan. Born in North Carolina, and raised in Pittsburgh and New York’s Harlem, Bearden worked in various styles, including cartoon and drawing, social genre, modernism, abstract expressionism and photo-collage. Bearden was best known for the universal themes employed in his collage paintings and prints. He found his imagery in both the everyday rituals of African American rural life in the south and urban life in the north, combining those American experiences with his personal experiences and interest in classical literature, religion, and music, particularly jazz. The Studio Museum in Harlem and the National Gallery of Art exhibited posthumous retrospectives of Bearden's works.
Ernest Crichlow was born in 1914 in Brooklyn, New York to immigrant parents from Barbados. Crichlow became a nationally distinguished artist in the 1930s and is considered one of the most important figures to have emerged from his generation of artists. The immigrant experience was often depicted in his art. Today his work can be found in private and public collections throughout the world.
Born in Tupelo, Mississippi in 1933, Sam Gilliam is an African American Lyrical Abstractionist artist. He has gained international recognition as a contemporary Color Field Painter. He resides in Washington D.C. where he continues to practice his art form.
Born in 1917 in Atlantic City, New Jersey, Jacob Lawrence obtained world recognition as a prolific painter whose work depicted the history and culture of the African American experience.
Samella Lewis was born on February 27, 1924 in New Orleans, Louisiana. She is an accomplished artist and art historian. Her medium of choice is primarily printmaking that emphasizes her African American heritage.
Born in Atlanta, Georgia, Robert Reid was an accomplished African-American painter and art educator. He was an instructor of painting at the Summit Art Center in New Jersey from 1970 to 1971 and in 1970, a Professor of Drawing at the Rhode Island School of Design.
Frederick Douglass (1818–1895) was born into slavery on Maryland’s Eastern Shore but fled north in 1838 to settle in Massachussetts. He soon became an abolitionist in the antislavery movement, and by the mid-1840s his commanding eloquence in offering firsthand testimony to the oppressions of slavery had transformed him into one of the movement’s most persuasive spokesmen. Douglass’ reforming zeal remained strong all his life. After the Civil War put an end to slavery, he continued to be a leading defender of the rights of African Americans during Reconstruction.
Collection of Frederick Douglass materials, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution.