Interview of Faith Ringgold conducted in 1972, by Doloris Holmes, for the Archives of American Art "Art World in Turmoil" oral history project. Ringgold speaks of her involvement and the origins of WSABAL (Women, Students, and Artists for Black Artist Liberation); her attempts to raise awareness of the under-representation of women in art (writing to the Times/ performing surveys); her hopes for the upcoming WSABAL show on June 22 (the first black female show in New York); her feelings towards the NYUNBAYAASANAA (the male neo-African Harlem group); her reaction to the '68 Venice Biennale which excluded women and blacks; her subsequent show named the Liberated Venice Biennale which consisted of 50% women; the She Show and the Flag Show which instigated three arrests; the upcoming He Show and Where Are We At? Show; the importance of conducting open shows; her feelings towards historical African art and its conceptual confronting nature; the influence of Augusta Savage; the influence of African art upon Minimalism and Surrealism.
Quotes and excerpts must be cited as follows: Oral history interview with Faith Ringgold, 1972. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Location of Originals:
Location of original tape unknown.
Authorization to publish, quote or reproduce must be obtained from Faith Ringgold, POB 8082 Englewood, N.J.
Faith Ringgold (1930- ) is a painter and sculptor in New York, New York.
This interview is part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 750 9th St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20001