The collection is arranged into seven series: Series 1: Biographical Information, circa 1942-1982 (Box 1; 3 Folders) Series 2: Business Records, circa 1936-1983 (Box 1; 8 Folders) Series 3: Writings and Notes, circa 1947-1978 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet) Series 4: Works of Art, circa 1940s, 1952, after 1958 (Box 1, OV 4; 2 Folders) Series 5: Correspondence, circa 1916-1983 (Box 1; 0.4 linear feet) Series 6: Printed Material, circa 1919-1983 (Box 1-3, OV 4; 1.4 linear feet) Series 7: Photographs, after 1937-circa 1980s (Box 3; 0.8 linear feet)
Access Note / Rights:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The papers of painter, illustrator, muralist, and political activist William Gropper measure 3.3 linear feet and date from 1916-1983.
Three folders of scattered Biographical Information are found for William Gropper, his wife Sophie and their children. Business Records consist of lists of artwork, price lists, contracts, receipts, and other financial records. Scattered Writings and Notes include mostly writings about Gropper by others, lists of works of art, and miscellaneous writings. Works of Art include three original drawings by Gropper and a sample of fabric designed by Gropper. Circa 600 letters within the papers were written to William Gropper between 1916 and 1977 (bulk, 1970s), although Sophie Gropper's correspondence is also included. Found here are letters from Frank Crowninshield, Robert Henri, Louis Lozowick, Frank Alva Parsons, Raphael Soyer, and others. There are also letters concerning Gropper's participation in the Federal Art Project and from Ben Horowitz of the Heritage Gallery who represented Gropper's artwork.
Almost one-half of the collection consists of printed materials, including full issues of New Masses, Liberator, and Der Hammer, all featuring illustrations by Gropper. Circa 600 letters include those written to Gropper by Frank Crowninshield, Robert Henri, Louis Lozowick, Raphael Soyer, and others. Also found are photographs of Gropper, his family, colleagues, and friends, as well as scattered writings and notes, business records, biographical information, three drawings, and a fabric sample designed by Gropper.
Photographs are of Gropper, his family, colleagues, friends, family vacations, and works of art.
William Gropper papers, 1916-1983, bulk 1926-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
The collection was digitized in 2007 and is available via the Archives of American Art's website.
Funding for the processing and digitization of this collection was provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.
Among the holdings of the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview of William Gropper conducted by Bruce Hooton in 1965. The Louis Lozowick papers contain documentation of Lozowick's research and writings for a biography of Gropper.
The Special Collections Research Center at the Syracuse University Library also holds a collection of William Gropper's papers.
William Gropper (1897-1977) was a painter, cartoonist, and lithographer from Croton-on-Hudson, New York. WPA muralist and painter of social comment.
Donated 1984 by Sophie Gropper (Mrs. William).
The papers of William Gropper in the Archives of American Art were digitized in 2007. The papers have been scanned in their entirety, and total 4,578 images.
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 750 9th St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20001