Billy Al Bengston papers, circa 1940s-1989, (bulk 1968-1988)
Bengston, Billy Al, 1934-
Chamberlain, John Angus
Motherwell, Robert Burns
Martha Jackson Gallery
Ferus Gallery (Los Angeles, Calif.)
James Corcoran Gallery
John Berggruen Gallery (San Francisco, Calif.)
Place of publication, production, or execution:
10.2 linear ft.
Access Note / Rights:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Biographical material, personal and business correspondence, exhibition files, project files, writings, notes, art works, photographs, slides, and printed material, primarily relating to Bengston's painting career.
Found within the biographical materials series are three feet of calendars which extensively document Bengston's personal and professional activities for fourteen years, and include ephemera related to these activities. This series also includes health records, wills, and passports.
Correspondence is with galleries, museums, universities, businesses, friends, and colleagues, and primarily concerns exhibitions, sales, consignments, commissions, and Bengston's personal finances. Bengston's relationship with the James Corcoran Gallery, Janie C. Lee Gallery, John Berggruen Gallery, Martha Jackson Gallery, and Texas Gallery are well-documented here, as well as in the Museum and Gallery Files series. Also found is a limited amount of personal correspondence with collectors, researchers, and friends. A few letters from other artists, including Peter Plagens and a letter from Richard Diebenkorn are interfiled here.
Bengston's professional relationships with galleries, museums, and universities are well-documented in the gallery and museum files, including the galleries mentioned above, Ferus Gallery, and others. Lists of consignments and prices, invoices, records of sales, loan agreement forms, shipping receipts, exhibition checklists, and exhibition floor plans provide information about sales, exhibitions, and loans. A few files provide further information about Bengston's teaching activities. His personal business records include art sales records, price lists, lists of purchases, records of investment, and personal finance records. Project files include correspondence, notes, and printed materials related to Bengston's commissions for artwork and personal projects, including a book he worked on with Ed Ruscha, "Business Cards."
Writings by Bengston include responses to exhibitions of West Coast art and his thoughts on his career, art, the artistic community, motorcycles, as well as a recollection of John Altoon. Also found are questionnaires sent out by Bengston for an art survey, with responses from Peter Alexander, Carl Andre, John Chamberlain, Dan Flavin, Joe Goode, Robert Graham, Roy Lichtenstein, Robert Motherwell, Ed Ruscha, and others. Writings by others consist primarily of exhibition catalog essays, manuscripts of interviews with Bengston, and other writings about Bengston. Also found is an essay by Walter Hopps. Photographs of Bengston include a family picture from the 1940s, Bengston at work on projects in Los Angeles and Syracuse, N.Y., and Bengston at social events. Other photographs consist of pictures of friends and artists, Bengston's artwork, documentary evidence of damaged artwork, and of commission sites.
Printed materials from the 1960s - 1980s include clippings, full articles, exhibition announcements and catalogs, and posters. They document exhibitions, art in southern California, and society and art events. The collection houses limited amounts of artwork including sketches, cut-outs, doodles, and drawings.
Billy Al Bengston papers, circa 1940s-1989, (bulk 1968-1988). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Funding for the processing of this collection was provided by the Getty Foundation.
Found in the Archives of American Art are oral history interviews with Bengston conducted by Susan Larsen, Sept. 9, 1980, and Susan Ford Morgan, Aug. 2-Oct. 7, 2002. Also found are portraits of Bengston in the Photographs of artists taken by Mimi Jacobs collection, and a rare copy of the book "Business Cards" by Bengston and Ed Ruscha in the Wallace Berman papers.
Painter; Los Angeles, Calif. and Hawaii. Bengston was born in Kansas in 1934. He attended Los Angeles City College, California College of Arts and Crafts, and Los Angeles County Art Institute. He originally studied ceramics with Peter Voulkos. He had his first one man exhibition at the Ferus Gallery in 1958 and has since exhibited at a variety of galleries across the country, as well as on a regular basis at the James Corcoran Gallery, Los Angeles. In 1988, the Contemporary Arts Museum in Houston organized a major retrospective. Bengston has also held various teaching positions. He was also the founder of Artist Studio, a a gallery which showed primarily his own work and that of Ed Moses, Ken Price, and Ed Ruscha.
Donated 1990 by Billy Al Bengston.
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 750 9th St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20001