José de Creeft papers, 1871-2004, bulk 1910s-1980s
De Creeft, José, 1884-1982
Neumann, J. B. (Jsrael Ber)
De Diego, Julio
De Creeft, William
Dickinson, Edwin Walter
Sweeney, James Johnson
Gómez Gil, Alfredo
Diederich, William Hunt
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)
Black Mountain College (Black Mountain, N.C.)
New School for Social Research (New York, N.Y.)
Norton Gallery and School of Art
Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture.School
Stone Mountain Memorial (Ga.)
Place of publication, production, or execution:
28.1 linear feet
Access Note / Rights:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
The papers of Spanish-born sculptor and educator José de Creeft measure 28.1 linear feet and date from 1871 to 2004 with the bulk of the material dating from the 1910s to the 1980s. Found are biographical materials, correspondence, fifty diaries, writings, subject files, personal business records, printed materials, twenty-seven photo albums and other photographs, scrapbooks, and scattered sketches.
Biographical materials include address books, awards, recorded interviews with and about de Creeft, membership materials, naturalization records, resumes, and travel documents.
Correspondence is primarily professional in nature and concerns exhibitions, de Creeft's involvement in arts organizations, and awards. There are also scattered personal letters from family and friends. Correspondents include Alexander Calder, Nina, Alice, Barbara and William de Creeft, Hunt Diederich, Joseph Escudar, and Gil Gomez, Jacques Lipchitz, Edwin Dickinson, James Johnson Sweeney, Costantino Nivola, Abraham Rattner, and Lamar Dodd, among others.
De Creeft's fifty diaries are nearly complete for the period dating from 1926 to 1981. Some are bound volumes and others are loose pages. The bulk of the diaries are in Spanish and many include sketches. Additional writings, called "escritos varios" by José de Creeft, are mostly in Spanish and consist of typed manuscripts and essays, including Roosty Was My Friend, 1957, notebooks, an artist's statement, and writings by others, including drafts for "The Sculpture of de Creeft" by Jules Campos, and a video recording entitled "José de Creeft" by Bob Hanson. There is one sound recording of Lorrie Goulet reading poetry.
Subject files are varied and include files on de Creeft's teaching positions at the New School for Social Research, Black Mountain College, Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture, and the Art Students League. There are files for some of his sculpture projects, including "Alice in Wonderland," "Poet," and a proposed model for the Stone Mountain Confederate Memorial in Georgia, as well as compiled information about various art related topics of interest.
De Creeft's business records include appraisals, contracts, leases, price lists, and scattered receipts. Also found are art inventories in the form of three sets of index cards, some of which include photographs.
Printed materials include books, clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, exhibition labels, postcards, and posters.
There are loose photographs and twenty-seven photograph albums depicting de Creeft, his family, friends, and works of art. There are photos of Alexander Calder; de Creeft and Goulet with Raphael Soyer, posing with Soyer's portrait of them; Gertrude Lawrence; art juries, which also include images of Chaim Gross, Jacques Lipchitz, Theodore Roszak, and William Zorach; students, friends, and faculties of Black Mountain College, the Art Students League, Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture, and the Norton School of Art, which also includes images of Joseph Albers, Alexander Calder, Julio De Diego, Walter Gropius, J. B. Neumann, and Abraham Rattner.
Seven mixed media scrapbooks document de Creeft's career from 1929 to 1982. Also found are scattered pen and pencil sketches and one sketchbook dating from the 1920s.
José de Creeft papers, 1871-2004, bulk 1910s-1980s. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Portions of the collection are available on microfilm legacy reels D150, 375-378 at Archives of American Art offices, and through interlibrary loan. The order of the papers presented in this finding aid do not match the order of the papers as they were microfilmed.
Location of Originals:
Reels D150 and 375-378: Originals returned to Jose de Creeft after microfilming.
Funding for the processing of this collection was provided by the Smithsonian Institution Collections Care and Preservation Fund.
The Archives of American Art also holds an interview of JosÔe De Creeft conducted October 1-8, 1968 by Forrest Selvig and the papers of de Creeft's wife Lorrie Goulet.
José de Creeft (1908-1982) was a Spanish-born sculptor active in New York City, New York. Born in Guadalajara, Spain and raised in Barcelona. He studied at the Academie Julian, emigrated to the United States, becoming a citizen in 1940, and taught at the Black Mountain College and at the Art Students League.
Approximately five percent of the collection, as well as many artist's statements are in Spanish.
José De Creeft's widow, Lorrie Goulet, donated the papers in 1985 and 2009.
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 750 9th St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20001