The symposium, "I Ka Pono: The Future of Hawaiian Sovereignty," examines the resurgence of Native Hawaiian nationalism today and offers a variety of perspectives on what the future of Hawaiian sovereignty might best look like. In this segment, Williamson Chang, University of Hawai‘i William S. Richardson School of Law, speaks on "A Century of Occupation: The Failure of the United States to Acquire the Hawaiian Islands." Williamson B. C. Chang, professor at the University of Hawai‘i William S. Richardson School of Law, graduated from Princeton University and the University of California, Berkeley Law School. He clerked for U.S. District Court Judge Dick Yin Wong in Honolulu and began teaching at the University of Hawai‘i the following year. In his earlier years he was a special deputy attorney general representing the Chief Justice of the Hawaii Supreme Court, a special legislative assistant to the United States Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs, and a Fulbright Senior Scholar at the University of Western Australia. As of late he has pursued a deep interest in Native Hawaiian sovereignty, teaching courses in Water Rights, the Legal History of Hawai‘i, and in Nation Building. He is presently a delegate to the 2016 Native Hawaiian Constitutional Convention and is currently working on a revised history of modern Hawai‘i that challenges United States jurisdiction over the Hawaiian Islands. The symposium is presented in conjunction with the museum's exhibition, "E Mau Ke Ea: The Sovereign Hawaiian Nation," on view through January, 2017. For more information, see the exhibit web site: http://www.nmai.si.edu/explore/exhibitions/item/?id=952. The symposium was webcast and recorded in the Rasmuson Theater of the National Museum of the American Indian on January 30, 2016.