Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Report upon United States Geographical surveys west of the one hundredth meridian / in charge of Capt. Geo. M. Wheeler ; under the direction of the Chief of Engineers, U.S. Army ; published by authority of the Honorable the Secretary of War, in accordance with acts of Congress of June 23, 1874, and February 15, 1875 ; in seven volumes and one supplement, accompanied by one topographic and one geologic atlas

Online Media

Catalog Data

Wheeler, George M (George Montague) 1842-1905  Search this
Humphreys, A. A (Andrew Atkinson) 1810-1883  Search this
Wright, Horatio Gouverneur 1820-1899  Search this
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Bien, Julius 1826-1909  Search this
Bell, William 1830-1910  Search this
O'Sullivan, Timothy H. 1840-1882  Search this
Former owner:
Matthews, E. O. DSI  Search this
Brown, S. C. DSI  Search this
Dwight, Jonathan 1858-1929 DSI  Search this
Tucker, Marcia Brady DSI  Search this
Weyss, Herman & Mahlo  Search this
Weyss, Herman & Aguirre  Search this
Weyss, Herman & Lang  Search this
Graphic Company  Search this
United States Army Corps of Engineers  Search this
Physical description:
7 volumes in 8 : illustrations (lithographs, heliotypes, photolithographs, some color), maps (some color) ; 30 cm + 2 atlases (49 x 61 cm)
West (U.S.)
United States
Statement of responsibility varies slightly: volumes 2-3: ... First Lieut. Geo. M. Wheeler.
A.A. Humphreys, Chief of Engineers until June 1879; succeeded by H.G. Wright.
For full contents see National union catalog, pre-1956 imprints, volume 618, pages 531-532, and the atlas collation by GIlbert Thompson in P.L. Phillips, A list of geographical atlases in the Library of Congress (Washington, D.C. : G.P.O., 1909), pages 705-713.
In addition to the 2 atlases named, maps based on the maps of the Topographical atlas were issued as Land classification series, and special maps (not accompanying reports) showing the results of some preliminary reconnaissance or of some survey of an area of peculiar interest were issued irregularly.
Volume 7 includes 40 vocabularies of Western Indian languages.
Volume 5, Chapter 3 also issued separately as: Report upon the ornithological collections made in portions of Nevada, Utah, California, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona, during the years 1871, 1872, 1873, and 1874 / by H.W Henshaw.
"Published by authority of ... the Secretary of War in accordance with acts of Congress of June 23, 1874, and February 15, 1875."
Errata slip tipped-in following title page to volume 3.
Some volumes published out of numerical order.
"12 photolithographs (heavily retouched), 3 chromolithographs. The photographs are by T.H. O'Sullivan and William Bell. These views, typical of the toned photolithographs published in Government reports, are striking scenes of the Western landscape, translated to this medium with a great deal of graphic richness. This title is also of prime importance because it lists every photographer for every one of the Government's surveys"--Hanson Collection catalog, page 100.
Atlas includes plates lithographed by J. Bien; illustrations by Weyss, Herman & Mahlo; Weyss, Herman & Aguirre; and Weyss, Herman & Lang; and photo-lithography by the Graphic Co. of 39 & 41 Park Place, N.Y.
Also available online.
SCNHRB copy is incomplete, having only: volumes 1-4 (v. 1: 39088002993756, v. 2: 39088002993764, v. 3: 39088002993772), two incomplete copies of volume 5 including copy 1, volume 5, chapters 4-5 only (39088002993798); copy 2, volume 5, chapters 1, 4-5 only (39088007450398); and a portfolio of some of the folio plates from the two atlases (39088007725617).
SCNHRB incomplete copy of the atlas has loose plates housed in an archival paperboard portfolio with linen cloth spine and printed paper cover label. The portfolio houses 31 plates (some color, some encapsulated, some "2nd ed."), including two copies of the title leaf from the Geological atlas, with the vignette of the headlands of Paria Creek, Arizona; one leaf of "Conventional signs;" one leaf of "Conventional signs for triangulation, outline and topographical plots of atlas sheets;" one leaf of the "Progress map of lines and areas of explorations and surveys ...;" two copies of the leaf of "Restored outline of Lake Bonneville;" atlas sheet numbers 49; 50 (2 copies); 58; 59; 65; 66; combined insets from 58 and 66 (2 copies); 67 (3 copies); 70(A) (2 copies); 70 (C) (2 copies); 75 (2 copies); 76 (2 copies); combined insets from 69(B), 69(D), 77(B),and 78(A) (2 copies); 83 (2 copies).
SCNHRB copy volume 1-3 has bookplates of Jonathan Dwight Jr. and Smithsonian Institution Libraries, gift of Marcia Brady Tucker.
SCNHRB copy inscribed in ink on front free endpaper of volume 2: E.O. Matthews 8/30/89
SCNHRB copy 1 of volume 5 has [6] leaves of handwritten notes laid-in. Stamped on title page: S.C. Brown. Copy 2 of volume 5 has typescript title page and is lacking the preliminaries up to page 15.
SCNHRB copy in brown cloth binding, title in gilt on spine; volumes 1-3 housed in a drop-back linen boxes; volume 2 with binder's ticket: A.E. Foote, M.D., Philadelphia, Pa. Volume 5, copy 1 in brown cloth binding, title stamped in gilt on front cover; housed in an archival cardboard portfolio; volume 5, copy 2 is quarter bound in old brown cloth (with title in gilt on spine) and later green marbled boards, marbled edges.
Volume 1. Geographical report (1889): Areas occupied ; Passes, western rim of great interior basin ; Altitudes and distances, Yosemite valley ; Itinerary of Colorado grand cañon and river trip of 1871 ; Population, industries, communications, irrigation, and artesian wells ; Indians ; Land classification ; Appendices: A, List of latitudes, longitudes, altitudes, etc. of certain military posts ; B, Description of atlas sheet maps ; C, Methods of survey ; D, Notes on survey and disposal of public domain, with map ; E, Considerations upon national government land and marine surveys, with map ; F, Geographical discovery and exploration, west coast and interior, 1500 to 1800, with chronological list of expeditions, and notes on certain old maps ; Epitome of Warren's Memoir, 1800-1857, with added notes ; Explorations and surveys, 1857-1880 ; G, Synoptical tables of contents [volumes 5-7] with summary list of reports and separately published maps ; H, Origin ... progress, and cost of geographical surveys west of the 100th meridian -- volume 2. Astronomy and barometric hypsometry (1877): Reports upon the astronomical determinations at main stations in Nevada, Utah, Montana, Wyoming, Nebraska, Colorado, and New Mexico, occupied in the years 1872, 1873, and 1874 / by F. Kampf, John H. Clark, Wm. W. Maryatt, and T.H. Stafford ; Appendix: Report of operations at Salt Lake observatory in 1873 / by J.H. Clark ; Description of Ogden observatory and site / by G.M. Wheeler ; Description of personal-equation apparatus ... / by F. Kampf ; List of positions of astronomical stations / by G.M. Wheeler ; Results in barometric hypsometry, obtained during the years 1871, 1872, 1873, 1874, and 1875 / reported by Wm. L. Marshall -- volume 3. Geology (1875) -- volume 3, Supplement. Geology / under the direction of H.G. Wright -- volume 4. Paleontology (1877) -- volume 5. Zoology (1875) -- volume 6. Botany (1878) -- volume 7. Archaeology (1879) -- Topographical atlas -- Geographical atlas
Natural history  Search this
Geology  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Languages  Search this
Discovery and exploration  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Surveys  Search this
Call number:
QE74 .W45 1875
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries