Mixed media, including bronze, glass, granite, concrete, trees and chalkboard
Coadministered by United States Department of the Interior National Park Service Washington District of Columbia
Coadministered by Oklahoma City National Memorial Trust Oklahoma City Oklahoma
Located Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building former site of Oklahoma City Oklahoma
Dedicated April 19, 2000
Washington Post, July 2, 1997, Sect. A, pg. 1.
Sculpture (magazine), July/Aug. 2000, pg. 14.
Dupre, Judith, "Monuments: America's History in Art and Memory," New York, NY: Random House, Inc., 2007, pg. 186-191.
A 3.3 acre site-specific memorial commemorating victims and survivors of the truck bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, the morning of April 19, 1995. The memorial is comprised of The Gates of Time, a Field of Empty Chairs, the Survivors' Chapel, a Survivor Tree, and the Helpers' Orchard, which surround a 319 foot long rectangular reflecting pool. The Gates of Time, which frame the memorial have an interior face of concrete and exterior bronze panels. The moment before the bombing "9:01" is inscribed on the east gate; "9:03", the moment after the bombing, is inscribed on the west gate. To the south, the Field of Empty Chairs contains 168 empty chairs, one for each person who died in the bombing. The seats and backs of the chairs are made of cast bronze and granite. Chairs are arranged in nine rows, one for each floor of the building, and 19 smaller chairs for the children who died. Each chair bears the name of the victim etched on its glass bottom. The Survivors' Chapel is at the east end of the memorial and includes five-by-seven foot granite panels (salvaged from the damaged building), inscribed with names of survivors and hung on the two remaining walls of the Murrah Building. To the North, an elm tree which survived the blast still stands, now surrounded by a round retaining wall and platform anchor, with quotations honoring thouse who helped in the rescue efforts. There is also a fruit tree orchard in honor of the rescue workers, and a low curved wall and chalkboard with childrens' messages.