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Catalog Data

Rhind, John Massey 1860-1936  Search this
Stone on a stone base
Sculptures-Outdoor Sculpture
Administered by United States General Services Administration Washington District of Columbia
Located John O. Pastore Federal Building and U.S. Post Office Exchange Street Providence Rhode Island
Save Outdoor Sculpture, Rhode Island survey, 1993.
National Park Service, American Monuments and Outdoor Sculpture Database, RI0034, 1989.
Freeman, Robert & Vivienne Lasky, "Hidden Treasure: Public Sculpture in Providence," Providence, RI: Rhode Island Bicentennial Foundation, 1980, pg. 44-46.
Image on file.
Freeman, Robert & Vivienne Lasky, "Hidden Treasure: Public Sculpture in Providence," Providence, RI: Rhode Island Bicentennial Foundation, 1980, pg. 45.
(Back of both America and Providence:) J. Massey Rhind/Sculptor N.Y. 1908 signed
The information provided about this artwork was compiled as part of the Smithsonian American Art Museum's Inventories of American Painting and Sculpture database, designed to provide descriptive and location information on artworks by American artists in public and private collections worldwide.
Two figure groups, one on each side of the Federal Building. The group on the proper left is America portrayed by a seated female figure representing Sovereignty, flanked by figures representing Justice and Law and Order. Sovereignty is crowned with an olive branch wreath and holds a bough of laurel in her proper left hand and a globe with an eagle perched on top in her proper right hand. Law and Order, a kneeling male figure, marks a page in a book with his index finger. Justice, a kneeling female figure, holds a balance on her lap and the sword of Justice in her proper left hand. The group on the proper right is Providence represented by a seated female figure, with Independent Thought, and Industry and Knowledge kneeling by her side. Providence holds a maple leaf branch in her proper right hand and an open book in her proper left hand. Dressed in work pants and shoes, Industry, a kneeling male figure, holds a hammer in his proper right hand and his proper left hand rests on a pulley block. Knowledge, a shrouded kneeling female figure, is accompanied by an owl reading an open book and symbolizing wisdom.
Allegory--Quality--Prudence  Search this
Allegory--Quality--Harmony  Search this
Allegory--Civic--Law  Search this
Allegory--Arts & Sciences--Industry  Search this
Allegory--Quality--Justice  Search this
Allegory--Other--Thought  Search this
Object--Written Matter--Book  Search this
Object--Weapon--Sword  Search this
Object--Other--Wreath  Search this
Animal--Bird--Eagle  Search this
Animal--Bird--Owl  Search this
Object--Tool--Hammer  Search this
Control number:
IAS RI000005
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums