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American Indian Chicago Conference Records 1960-1966

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Catalog Data

Tax, Sol 1907-  Search this
Blatchford, Herbert  Search this
Talking Eagle, Lightfoot  Search this
Cherokee Printing Project  Search this
Field Foundation  Search this
National Congress of American Indians  Search this
United States Department of the Interior  Search this
Ablon, Joan  Search this
Bahti, Tom  Search this
Barrett, S. A (Samuel Alfred) 1879-1965  Search this
Bearskin, Ben  Search this
Berry, J. Brewton  Search this
Brough, Zara Ciscoe  Search this
Brown, John J  Search this
Burkhart, John N  Search this
Cameron, Herman E  Search this
Chafe, Wallace L  Search this
Chance, Norman A  Search this
Chandler, Henry P  Search this
Connolly, Thomas E  Search this
Cook, Dibben J  Search this
Couture, James W  Search this
Dailey, Dewey W  Search this
Davis, B. W  Search this
Debo, Angie  Search this
Deer, Ada  Search this
Deloria, Vine  Search this
Fischer, Ann  Search this
Forbes, Jack D  Search this
Frederiksen, Svend  Search this
Gaffney, Richard M  Search this
Getty, Harry T  Search this
Goetting, C  Search this
Gandy, Al  Search this
Hadley, J. Nixon  Search this
Hall, Robert L  Search this
Halseth, Odd Sigurd  Search this
Hilger, Marie Inez Sister 1891-1977  Search this
Holder, Preston  Search this
Hetzel, Theodore Brinton  Search this
Josephy, Alvin M  Search this
Keeler, W. W  Search this
Le Hurreau, Howard L  Search this
La Planat, Ed  Search this
Len-Portilla, Miguel  Search this
Lesser, Alexander  Search this
Levy, Jerrold E  Search this
Lurie, Nancy Oestreich  Search this
Mack, Irene  Search this
Madigan, La Verne  Search this
Malouf, Carling  Search this
Menninger, Karl  Search this
Merrill, Robert S  Search this
Midgett, Helen Parker  Search this
McNickle, D'Arcy  Search this
Nash, Philleo 1909-1987  Search this
Nader, Ralph  Search this
Ossinach, Kirkland  Search this
Paul, William L Sr  Search this
Pierce, Earl Boyd  Search this
Powell, Peter John Father  Search this
Providencia Sister F.C.S.P  Search this
Petersen, Helen  Search this
Dillon, Wilton Sterling  Search this
Rachlin, Carol K  Search this
Rainer, John C  Search this
Roessel, Robert A  Search this
Robinson, Georgeann 1917-1986  Search this
Rupp, Reynold J  Search this
McGhee, Calvin W  Search this
Rickard, William  Search this
Rietz, Robert W  Search this
Seller, Mary  Search this
Stewart, Omer C  Search this
Sturtevant, William C  Search this
Taylor, Walter W. Jr  Search this
Takes Gun, Frank  Search this
Talachy, Pat  Search this
Thomas, Robert K  Search this
Tom-pee-saw, Frank  Search this
Ervin, Sam J Jr  Search this
Wax, Murray  Search this
Welch, Earl  Search this
Welch, Rachel  Search this
Wesley, Clarence  Search this
Whistler, Rachel  Search this
White, Robert A  Search this
Yellowtail, Bob  Search this
Phelps-Stokes Fund  Search this
Schwartzhaupt Foundation  Search this
United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research  Search this
La Farge, Oliver  Search this
Stanley, Sam  Search this
Mc, Lachlan, Bruce  Search this
Tax, Sol 1907-  Search this
University of Chicago American Indian Chicago Conference  Search this
Physical description:
8 linear feet
Cherokee language  Search this
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
The American Indian Chicago Conference (originally called the American Indian Charter Convention) was organized by University of Chicago anthropologist Sol Tax. Tax's idea, announced at the 1960 National Congress of American Indians convention, was to bring representatives of American Indian groups together to prepare statements about the conditions and needs of their people. Tax took the role of coordinator to initiate developments, assure that all Indian groups were represented, serve as or find expert advisers, and publicize results to the public and to those who formulate Indian policy. The University of Chicago was the sponsor for the meeting. Nancy Oestreich Lurie, of the University of Michigan, served as assistant coordinator.
Tax, assisted by the National Congress of American Indians, formulated and circulated a proposed statement that served as a point from which discussions could take place. Tax also invited to Chicago a relatively small group of Indian leaders who then served as a steering committee. This preliminary meeting arranged several regional conferences where discussions could take place in preparation for a large meeting in Chicago in June 1961.
Representatives at the large conference presented a cross section of the American Indian community and included urban Indian, traditional Indians, modern Indians, and Indians from both recognized and nonrecognized tribes. Several hundred people attended the meeting and 439 of these registered. These registered attendees represented 79 tribes.
The outcome of the American Indian Chicago Conference was the Declaration of Indian Purpose, a lengthy document that dealt with problems and proposed approaches to solutions of the problems. In general, the declaration asked for a redirection of "the responsibility of the United States toward the Indian people in terms of a positive national obligation to modify or remove the conditions which produce the poverty and lack of social justice, as these prevail as the outstanding attributes of Indian life today." The declaration was presented to President John F. Kennedy by representatives of American Indian tribes in September 1962.
Draft register
Gift from Dr. Sol Tax.
(1) Preparatory materials; (2) regional meetings; (3) convention materials; (4) correspondence; (5) clppings; (6) logistical and financial records; (7) miscellany
The records include a diary, announcements, minutes, correspondence, financial papers, registration materials, clippings, photographs, tape recordings, and printed and processed materials. Also included are a number of papers that were prepared for the use of members of the conference. Correspondents include Joan Ablon, Tom Bahti, Samuel Alfred Barrett, Ben Bearskin, Brewton Berry, Herbert Blatchford, Zara Ciscoe Brough, John J. Brown, John N. Burkhart, Herman E. Cameron, Wallace L. Chafe, Norman A. Chance, Henry P. Chandler, Thomas E. Connolly, Dibben J. Cook, James W. Couture, Cherokee Printing Project (with booklets in Cherokee), Dewey W. Dailey, B. W. Davis, Angie Debo, Ada Deer, Vine Deloria, Field Foundation, Ann Fischer,
Jack D. Forbes, Svend Fredericksen, Richard M. Gaffney, Harry T. Getty, Ray C. Goetting, Al Gandy, J. Nixon Hadley, Robert L. Hall, Odd Sigurd Halseth, Marie Inez Hilger, Preston Holder, Theodore Brinton Hetzel, Alvin M. Josephy, W. W. Keeler, Oliver La Farge, Howard L. Le Hurreau, Ed La Planat, Miguel Len-Portilla, Alexander Lesser, Jerrold E. Levy, Lightfoot Talking Eagle, Nancy Oestreich Lurie, Irene Mack, La Verne Madigan, Carling Malouf, Karl Menninger, Robert S. Merrill, Helen Parker Midgett, D'Arcy McNickle, Philleo Nash, Ralph Nader, National Congress of American Indians, Kirkland Ossinach, William L. Paul, Sr., Earl Boyd Pierce, Peter John Powell, Sister Providencia, F.C.S.P., Helen Petersen,
Phelps-Stokes Fund (Wilton Sterling Dillon), Carol K. Rachlin, John C. Rainer, Robert A. Roessel, Georgeann Robinson, Reynold J. Ruppe, Calvin W. McGhee, William Rickard, Robert W. Rietz, Schwartzhaupt Foundation, Mary Sellers, Omer C. Stewart, William Curtis Sturtevant, Walter Taylor, Frank Takes Gun, Pat Talachy, Robert K. Thomas, Frank Tom-pee-saw, United States Government (Congressmen, Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, including Sam J. Ervin, Jr.), Murray Wax, Earl Welch, Rachel Whistler, Robert A. White, and Bob Yellowtail.
Among the records are materials that relate to the compilation by Tax, Bruce McLachlan, and Sam Stanley of the map "The North American Indian: The present Day Distribution of Indians in the United States." Included are population figures and narratives by Tax.
Cite as:
Manuscript 4806, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Repository Loc.:
National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Museum Support Center, Suitland, Maryland
Federal-Indian relations  Search this
American Indians--federal relations--population  Search this
Language and languages--Documentation  Search this
Local number:
NAA MS 4806
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives