Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Henry Bascom Collins, Jr. Papers 1730-1977, bulk 1922-1970

Online Media

Catalog Data

Creator:
Collins, Henry Bascom 1899-1987  Search this
Bohannan, C.T.R  Search this
Du Roullet, Regis  Search this
Wilson, Thomas  Search this
Resolute Bay Expedition, 1951  Search this
Southampton Island Expedition, 1956  Search this
Correspondent:
Anderson, H. D  Search this
Armstrong, Robert Geiston  Search this
Ashley-Montagu, Montague Francis  Search this
Atwood, Wallace W Jr  Search this
Baird, Patrick D  Search this
Bennett, Wendell Clark  Search this
Birket-Smith, Kaj  Search this
Bostock, Hugh S  Search this
Brandt, G. Herman  Search this
Bushnell, David Ives Jr 1875-1941  Search this
Case, John C  Search this
Chambers, Moreau Browne Congleton  Search this
Chaney, Ralph W  Search this
Colbert, Lee O  Search this
Cole, Fay-Cooper  Search this
Cummins, Harold  Search this
Day, Albert M  Search this
De Laguna, Frederica 1906-2004  Search this
Deming, Edwin Willard 1860-1942  Search this
Densmore, Frances  Search this
Dorman, Caroline  Search this
Dunbar, Max J  Search this
Eide, Arthur Hansin  Search this
Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evans  Search this
Everett, Martha T  Search this
Fewkes, Jesse Walter 1850-1930  Search this
Flakne, Joseph T  Search this
Flint, Richard Foster  Search this
Ford, James Alfred 1911-1968  Search this
Frothingham, Robert  Search this
Garber, Clark M  Search this
Geist, Otto William  Search this
Goldstein, Marcus Solomon  Search this
Gould, Lawrence M  Search this
Graf, John Enos  Search this
Graves, Mortimer  Search this
Guthe, Carl E (Carl Eugen) 1893-1974  Search this
Hammerich, L. L  Search this
Herskovits, Melville J (Melville Jean) 1895-1963  Search this
Holtved, Erik  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš 1869-1943  Search this
Jenness, Diamond 1886-1969  Search this
Jones, E. D  Search this
Judd, Neil Merton 1887-1976  Search this
Kashevaroff, A. P  Search this
Knoblock, Hermes  Search this
Linton, Ralph 1893-1953  Search this
MacKay, J. Ross  Search this
MacKenzie, C. J  Search this
Manca, Harry E  Search this
Manning, T. H  Search this
Mason, John Alden 1885-1967  Search this
Mathiassen, Therkel  Search this
Michael, Henry N  Search this
Moodie, Roy L  Search this
Moorehead, Warren King  Search this
Myers, John L  Search this
Nutt, David C  Search this
O'Bryan, Deric  Search this
Oka, Masao  Search this
OʹNeill, John J  Search this
Parkin, G. Raleigh  Search this
Pope, Helen  Search this
Rainey, Froelich G  Search this
Reed, John C  Search this
Rowland, Dunbar  Search this
Rowley, Diana  Search this
Rowley, Graham W  Search this
Ruppert, Karl  Search this
Sander, Gerhard  Search this
Sanders, A. G  Search this
Shanafeldt, William  Search this
Shimkin, Demitri Boris  Search this
Silook, Paul Eskimo  Search this
Skarland, Ivar  Search this
Slobodin, Richard  Search this
Smith, G. Dudley  Search this
Smith, Marian Wesley  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S  Search this
Stefansson, Vilhjalmur 1879-1962  Search this
Stewart, T. D (Thomas Dale) 1901-1997  Search this
Sullivan, J. Magruder  Search this
Tremaine, Marie  Search this
Tremblay, Jean-Louis  Search this
Walker, James Stewart  Search this
Wallace, Robert C  Search this
Wardle, H. Newell  Search this
Washburn, A. L  Search this
Waugh, Leuman M. Dr  Search this
Wetmore, Alexander 1886-1978  Search this
Wilson, J. Tuzo  Search this
Wood, Walter A  Search this
Author:
Hough, Walter 1859-1935  Search this
MacRae, T.W.R  Search this
Moore, Riley D  Search this
Photographer:
Chamber, Moreau B.C  Search this
Taylor, William E  Search this
Jasse, Robert  Search this
McNutt, C.H  Search this
Uniform title:
Encyclopedia Arctica  Search this
Subject:
Arctic Institute of North America  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Smithsonian Office of Anthropological Research  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Smithsonian Office of Anthropology  Search this
Ethnogeographic Board (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Committee on International Relations in Anthropology  Search this
International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences 1958  Search this
Alaskan Science Conference  Search this
Physical description:
34 linear feet
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Choctaw Mississippi  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America Subarctic  Search this
Choctaw Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Southern States  Search this
Type:
Maps
Collection descriptions
Journals (accounts)
Manuscripts
Financial records
Printed material
Charts
Diagrams
Photographs
Sound recordings
Place:
Arctic
Date:
1922
1730-1977
bulk 1922-1970
Notes:
Originally trained in geology, Henry Bascom Collins became involved in anthropology as an assistant on Neil M. Judd's expeditions to Pueblo Bonito in New Mexico in 1922-1924. In 1924, he became an aid in the Division of Ethnology of the United States National Museum. In 1924, he was promoted to assistant curator and in 1938 associate curator in the same division. In 1939, he was made a senior ethnologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology and became that organization's acting director in 1963. When the BAE and the Department of Anthropology were merged in 1965, Collins became a senior scientist in the new Smithsonian Office of Anthropology.
He was appointed archeologist emeritus when he retired in 1967. Collins's independent field work during the early part of his career focused to a considerable extent on his native American South, an interest developed during a short appointment with the Mississippi Department of Archives and History. His broad anthropological interests in the area were channeled into investigations, both archeological and physical anthropological, relating to the large Choctaw tribe and explorations of areas whose cultural history was little known. He was particularly interested in the culture history and relationships among the peoples who had inhabited the Gulf Coast.
Collins thus worked during the mid and late 1920s at village and mound sites in eastern and southern Mississippi, carried out archeological reconnaissance and excavations in southern Louisiana, and explored areas of southwestern Florida, becoming especially concerned there with problems concerning the Calusa. He also carried out anthropometric studies of living Choctaws of Mississippi. Collins is best known, however, for his efforts in Arctic archeology. In the northlands of North America, he became involved in the puzzles of Eskimo origins and cultural development and devoted most of his career as a field archeologist in explorations that resulted in solutions to these problems.
Between 1927 and 1936, he and colleagues, notably including James Alfred Ford, focused their field work on the Bering Sea area and the Arctic coasts of Alaska, including St. Lawrence Island, Nunivak Island, the Diomedes, Punuk Island, Bristol Bay, Norton Sound, Point Hope, Cape Prince of Wales, the Aleutians, and the interior of the Seward Peninsula. They concerned themselves with the Asian affinities, western origins, culture sequences, and non-Eskimo influences of Eskimo culture. For his report on his work on St. Lawrence Island, which represented a major and lasting revision of Eskimo culture history, Collins won a gold medal of the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters in 1936.
The report was issued as a Smithsonian publication under the title Archeology of St. Lawrence Island, Alaska, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, volume 96, number 1. In 1948-1955, his field work expanded eastward to Baffin, Cornwallis, and Southampton islands and included further concerns with the development of Eskimo cultures, such as affinities with European Mesolithic and Siberian Neolithic cultures. In this and earlier work, Collins's field activities were supplemented by study of collections in many museums. Collins has also been quite active with several anthropological organizations.
He has served in several capacities with the International Congresses of Ethnological and Anthropological Sciences, including vice president of the second congress in Copenhagen in 1938, member of the permanent council in 1952, member of the organizing committee in charge of foreign delegations, and president of the seventh congress in Moscow in 1965. For the International Congress of Americanists, which met in Copenhagen in 1956, he served as an honorary vice president.
Collins also served in various capacities with the Arctic Institute of North America. A founding member in 1944, he was on its board of governors in 1944-1958, 1951-1956, and 1960-1965, and he served as the boardʹs chairman in 1948. In 1946, he became chairman of the directing committee of the Arctic Bibliography, an AINA project. In 1960, he was chairman of the advisory committee and also became chairman of the advisory committee for AINAʹs Russian Translation Project.
He was president of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1938-1939 and vice president of the Society for American Archaeology in 1952. For the Ethnogeographic Board, a World War II agency, he served as assistant director in 1943-1944 and director in 1944-1946. In 1945, he was a member of the National Research Councilʹs Council on International Relations and Anthropology and had direct charge of delivering CARE packages to European anthropologists.
Register Available without charge from the National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560 Robert Lynn Montgomery Nigel Elmore, Register to the Papers of Henry Bascom Collins, National Anthropological Archives, 1994.
The papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Henry Bascom Collins, Jr., in 1977.
Organization:
PAPERS RELATING TO COLLINS'S PERSONAL RESEARCH, including (1) articles about Collins and his work, ca. 1932-1949; (2) documents about Collins, 1924-1981; (3) calendars; (4) incoming letters, 1922-1958; (5) outgoing letters, 1924-1958; (6) incoming letters from Collins's family, 1922-1932; (7) correspondence on specific subjects; (8) published papers, 1925-1976; (9) unpublished papers, 1924-1952; (10) reference information; (11) diaries; (12) material relating to Collins's archeological expeditions, 1922-1955; (13) material relating totravel; (14) manuscripts collected by Collins, 1730-1965; (15) cataloged reprints, 1840-1970; (16) uncataloged reprints, 1920-1975; (17) exhibits, ca. 1930-1973; (18) miscellany, 1930-1972; (198) drawings; (20) maps; (21) photographs, 1924-1965; (22) financial records; (23) sound recordings, 1977; PAPERS RELATING TO THE ARCTIC INSTITUTE OF NORTH AMERICA, including (24) general papers, 1944-1970; (25) papers relating to the board of governor, 1945-1956; (26) papers relating to committees, 1947-1970; (27) papers relating to the Arctic Bibliography and roster projects, 1947-1967; (28) papers relating to the Russian translation project, 1959-1968; (29) papers relating to projects supported by the AINA and Office of Naval Research; PAPERS RELATING TO THE COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS IN ANTHROPOLOGY, including (30) general papers, 1945-1955; (31) papers relating to the Fifth International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Philadelphia, 1956; (32) papers relating to CARE package distribution, 1948;
PAPERS RELATING TO OTHER ORGANIZATIONS, including (33) papers relating to the "Encyclopedia Arctic," 1947-1953; (34) papers relating to the Ethnogeographic Board, 1942-1950; (35) papers relating to the Bureau of American Ethnology, 1963-1965; (36) papers relating to the Smithsonian Office of Anthropological Research (SOAR); (37)(26) papers relating to the Bureau of American Ethnology; 1963-1965; (27) papers relating to the Smithsonian Office for Anthropological Research (SOAR), 1964; (28) papers relating to the Smithsonian Office of Anthropology (SOA), 1963-1966.papers relating to the Smithsonian Office of Anthropology (SOA); 1963-1966; (38) papers relating to the Center for the Study of Man, ca. 1968-1971; (39) papers relating to the Smithsonian Relief Association, 1924-1931; (40) papers relating to the council of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1953-1961; (41) papers relating to the Society for American Archaeology, 1934, 1939, 1984; (42) papers relating to the Early Sites Foundation, 1965-1968; (43) papers relating to the Explorer's Club, 1929-1937, 1981; (44) papers relating to the Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, 1960-1973; (46) papers relating to the Alaskan Science Conference
Summary:
The papers reflect the professional life of Henry Bascom Collins, Jr., including his curatorial and research duties at the Smithsonian and his activities with a several anthropological organizations, especially the Arctic Institute of North America. Some of the material are historical documents collected for reference purposes. Included are manuscripts by Walter Hough, T.W.R. MacRae and C.T.R. Bohannan, Riley D. Moore, Regis Du Roullet, and Thomas Wilson. In addition, there are numerous historical maps of Alaska and Canada. Collins also acquired photographs made on expeditions he did not join, including phtotographs by Moreau B.C. Chambers on the Smithsonian's 1931 expedition to Alaska, photograph by William E. Taylor and Bob Jasse on the 1951 Resolute Bay expedition, and photographs by Taylor and C.H. McNutt during the 1956 Southampton Island expedition.
Cite as:
Henry Bascom Collins Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Repository Loc.:
National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Museum Support Center, Suitland, Maryland
Topic:
Archeology  Search this
Arctic Bibliography  Search this
Stereotypes (Social psychology)  Search this
Restrictions & Rights:
Collinsʹs correspondence with his family is not available to researchers
Literary and other rights have been retained by Collins and will pass to his wife
See more items in:
Henry Bascom Collins, Jr. Papers 1730-1977 bulk 1922-1970
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_3131