The Division of Crustacea was established on July 1, 1965, as a result of an administrative reorganization in the Department of Invertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History. Prior to that time, the national collection of crustacea was under the care of the Division of Marine Invertebrates. For administrative histories of the Division of Marine Invertebrates and the Department of Invertebrate Zoology, see record units 249 and 233.
For a description of the record series of which these materials are a part, refer to "Forms part of" above.
(1) General correspondence, 1908-1962; (2) general correspondence, 1962-1979
These records consist primarily of incoming and outgoing correspondence of the curatorial staff of the Division of Crustacea, 1965-1979, and its predecessor, the Division of Marine Invertebrates, 1908-1965. Most of the correspondence dates from 1937, with a small amount created before that date. A few photographs and manuscripts are included in the records and are noted in the folder list. The correspondence deals with the same general topics as those described in record unit 233. Subjects of special interest which are documented in the correspondence include several Arctic expeditions conducted by Robert A. Bartlett, 1925-1935; the proposed Pacific Islands Scientific Expedition under the auspices of the National Geographic Society and the University of Virginia, 1939-1940; Smithsonian participation on the Pacific Science Board of the National Research Council, 1953; the United States Fish and Wildlife Service Alaska King Crab Investigation, 1940; and special research conducted by the Division as part of the Smithsonian war effort, circa 1941-1945.
Curators represented by correspondence in these records include Waldo LaSalle Schmitt, Curator, 1920-1947; Clarence R. Shoemaker, Assistant and Associate Curator, 1921-1944; Mildred S. Wilson, Assistant Curator, 1944-1946; Fenner A. Chace, Jr., Curator, 1946-1963; Paul Louis Illg, Associate Curator, 1947-1952; Frederick Merkle Bayer, Assistant and Associate Curator, 1947-1961; Thomas E. Bowman, Associate Curator and Curator, 1954- ; Charles E. Cutress, Jr., Associate Curator and Curator, 1961-1965; Marian H. Pettibone, Associate Curator, 1963-1965; Raymond B. Manning, Associate Curator and Curator, 1963- ; David L. Pawson, Associate Curator, 1964-1965; Meredith Leam Jones, Associate Curator, 1964-1965; W. Duane Hope, Associate Curator, 1964-1965; J. Laurens Barnard, Associate Curator and Curator, 1964- ; Roger F. Cressey, Jr., Associate Curator and Curator, 1965- ; and Louis S. Kornicker, Associate Curator and Curator, 1965- .
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Capital Gallery, Suite 3000, MRC 507; 600 Maryland Avenue, SW; Washington, DC 20024-2520